Wood light frame construction


Related person
Michael Cadwell (was created by)
Description
The sill, preferably made of preservative treated or naturally decay-resistant wood, is bolted to the foundation as a base for the wood framing. A single sill, as shown in the details here, is all that is required by most codes, but in better-quality work, the sill is often doubled for greater stiffness. Because the top of a foundation wall is usually somewhat uneven, the sill must be shimmed up at low spots with wood shingle wedges to be able to transfer loads from the frame to the foundation. A compressible sill sealer should be inserted between the sill and the foundation to reduce air infiltration through the gap. The normal foundation bolts are are sufficient to hold most buildings on their foundations, but tall frames in areas subject to high winds or earthquakes may require more elaborate attachments. Allen, E. and Iano, J. (2004). Fundamentals of Building Construction: Materials and Methods, 4th Ed. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. p.162 Keywords: sill, treated lumber, wood light frame construction. Submitted by Michael Cadwell for ARCH 626
Material
light frame construction
wafer board
wood (hardwood or softwood)