The Curia Julia was the third meeting hall for the senate in the Forum Romanum. It was rebuilt by Julius Caesar on site of the earlier Curia Hostilia. It is located on the main square of the Forum Romanum, on the ancient Comitium, between the Arch of Septimius Severus and the Basilica Aemilia.
The building is made of brick, originally clad with marble on the lower half and stucco on the upper half. The ground plan is rectangular, measuring 18 by 27 meters and 21 meters in height. In each corner the building has a projection aligned with the facades, one of which contained a stairway to the roof. The original roof was flat; the current is modern.
The Forum Romanum was the political and economic center of Rome during the Republic_access; it held many of the central political, religious and judicial buildings in Rome. It is located in a valley between Capitoline Hill on the west, Palatine Hill on the south, the Velia on the east, and Quirinal Hill and the Esquiline Hill to the north.