Was a thriving ancient center on Euphrates river; capital of the empire of Hammurabi by 18th cen. BC; taken by Assyria in 690 BC; flourished under Nebuchadnezzar 6th cen. BC; taken by Cyrus the Great in 538 BC, by Alexander in 331 BC; declined in 3rd century BC.
Keywords: Iraq, Babil, Babylon. Submitted by Paul Young for ARCH 600: History of Ancient and Medieval Architecture.
Lloyd, Seton. (1961). Art of the Ancient Near East. New York: Praeger, Inc. p.115