Ivan the Great Bell Tower complex: 1505-1815; Assumption Cathedral: 1475-1479
The Moscow Kremlin is a symbol of the Russian state and is one of the largest architectural complexes of the world, including architectural monuments of the 14th - 20th centuries. In 1990, the Moscow Kremlin and its treasures, Red Square and Aleksandrovskiy Sad (the Alexandrov Gardens) were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Ivan the Great Bell Tower complex (left in the image) separates Cathedral Square from Ivanov Square. It was constructed over more than three centuries (1505-1815) and includes three elements built at different times: the pillar of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower, the Uspenskaya (Assumption) Belfry and the Filaret's Annex.
The Assumption Cathedral (right in the image) was erected in 1475-1479 by Aristotle Fioravanti. It is a tremendous six-pillared building with five apses and five domes and is built of white stone block.
This image was taken in 1969 by John Schooley, FAIA, during an Urban America tour. Urban America tours allowed architects and planners to visit New Towns and meet professionals involved in their planning and continued development.
Keywords: Russian Federation, Rossiya, Moskva, Moscow, towers, ceremonial and religious structures, government buildings. Submitted by John Schooley, FAIA.
15th Century (1400 - 1499 CE) 16th Century (1500 - 1599 CE)