"Although already inhabited in the Bronze Age, Les Baux de Provence did not really start growing until the medieval period. Built in the 10th century, the fortress and the small town it protects were ruled by the lords of Les Baux for five hundred years.
In the 15th century, the turbulent lords of Les Baux were superseded by the barons of the Masons des Comtes de Provence. This was a golden age for the ChÃ¢teau, before it came under the control of the kings of France.
From the 16th century on, family feuds and wars of religion brought on the decline of the town until the fortress was pulled down in 1633 on the orders of Louis XIII."