The Planting 10-million Trees of Life project: July 1998-June 2002; Nanjicheon (Nanji-stream) Park design/planning: 2000
World Cup Park was built on the base of a landfill treatment site, which was active from 1978 to 1993. The park was created in the late 1990s along with other big projects, including a massive housing development and the World Cup Stadium. The World Cup Park has five theme parks: Pyeonghwa (peace) Park, Haneul (sky) Park, Noeul (sunset) Park, Nanjicheon (Nanji-stream) Park, and Hangang (Han-river) Riverside Park.
Pyeonghwa Park is a memorial plaza that commemorates the first World Cup game of the 21st century, which was hosted by Seoul's metropolitan government. Haneul Park is located at the highest point in World Cup Park. On the second landfill mound, which was the most barren area in the Nanji landfill treatment site, Haneul Park now boasts a vast grassland. Noeul Park, which was created for dynamic activities, includes a public_access golf course and a fitness and walking trail. Nanjicheon Park was also created to reintroduce an ecologically healthy stream environment. Finally, Hangang Riverside Park was created along the Hangang river near the site.
The World Cup Park was created as a part of the Planting 10-million Trees of Life (also called Trees of Life Campaign) project. The project was organized by both city and administrative districts of Seoul to achieve six goals: Greening neighborhoods, preserving and creating an urban greenbelt, reforesting barren lands and edges of natural parks, enhancing citizen participation, promoting a green maintenance system, and establishing a Green policy. Forty-seven urban outdoor spaces, which include urban parks, ecological parks, pedestrian walkways, gardens, pocket parks, public_access plazas, and roof gardens were introduced.
Park address: 482 Sangam-dong, Mapo-gu, Seoul, South Korea (Nanjiido landfill grounds).
Developer: Seoul Development Institute
Contributed by Eui-je Lim, PhD.
1990s (1990 - 1999) 2000s (2000 - 2009)
Seoul Metropolitan Government (2002). Ten Million Trees: Making a Livable City, Seoul: Seoul Metropolitan Government.