Built by and for the glory of Ludwig II on a rocky outcropping of the Bavarian Alps, the New Castle, or Neuschwanstein as it would come to be called, was the King of Bavaria's recreation of the ideal medieval castle. In an effort to supercede Hohenschwangau, the nearby castle of his youth which he felt was being continually 'desecrated' by his mother, Ludwig II's New Castle was to be constructed in the "authentic style of the old German knights' castles", but with the latest technological features.
Upon moving to the castle in 1884, King Ludwig II ordered a number of increasingly extravagant renovations that reflected his gradual withdrawal from human contact, such as the Throne Room, "built as a monument to kingship and a copy of the legendary Grail hall." --www.neuschwanstein.de
Today, the castle built for a single inhabitant has become one of Europe's most popular tourist attractions, hosting over 1.3 million visitors annually.