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Knowlton School Digital LibraryWorkPhidias's Workshop, Olympia, Greece [67200]

Phidias's Workshop, Olympia, Greece


Date
5th Century BCE
Description
"West of the sacred enclosure, directly opposite the temple of Zeus, was the workshop of Phidias where the great sculptor crafted the gigantic chryselephantine statue of Zeus, listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. The building was erected in the second half of the fifth century. Later the workshop became a place of worship containing an altar for sacrifices to various gods. In the fifth century CE, a Christian basilica was erected over its ruins. The workshop, a rectangular hall oriented east-west with an entrance on the east side, had the same dimensions (32 x18 x 14.50 m) as the cella of the temple of Zeus, probably to facilitate the construction of the statue. Built of shell-limestone, it was divided into three naves by two rows of columns. It had a wooden core that the sculptor riveted with gold, ivory and glass plaques. These were worked in the adjacent south wing of the workshop, which sheltered the craftsmen." --http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/2/eh251.jsp?obj_id=502
Style/Period
Greek
Material
stone and/or rock
Measurements
61 ft ()
164 ft ()