Propylaea, Acropolis, Athens


Related people
Diane Dagefoerde (was created by)
Mnesikles (architect)
Date
Greek Classical Period, ca. 437-432 BCE
Description
The Athenian Acropolis represents the apex of Greek architecture. Most of what we see today was begun under Pericles in the mid-5C BCE. "The Propylaea, Athens, erected under Pericles by the architect Mnesicles, forms the imposing entrance to the Acropolis, approached by a steep ascent from the plain below. The front and rear hexastyle Doric porticoes are on different levels, and give access to a covered hall with a wide central passage flanked by Ionic columns and with an eastern wall with five doorways of different heights. The projecting wings on either side of the western front have three Doric columns, smaller than those of the main block. The northern wing, provided with windows, was used as a pinotheca, but the southern wing was never completed , probably to avoid encroaching on the sacred precincts of the Temple of Nike Apteros. The asymmetrical composition , except for the central portico, gives rise to unresolved controversy; conjecturally it may have been designed as a symmetrical composition and unfinished because of the Peloponnesian War. Notwithstanding, its sculptural form and spatial qualities, together with scale, majesty and splendour ensure its unique achievement not only as a gateway but as an enclosure of space." --Palmes, J. C. (1975). Sir Banister Fletcher's A History of Architecture (18th Edition). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p.196 The Archivision Collection of Ancient Sites was funded by the Jack Martin Balcer Library Endowment. Keywords: Greece, Periféreia Protevoúsis (Greater Athens), Athens, Ancient Greek, Mediterranean, Perikles, Mnesikles.
Style/Period
Greek
Material
marble