Stirling Castle is the grandest of Scotland's castles and one of the most popular visitor attractions in the country. The castle sits 250 feet above the plain on an extinct volcano. Stirling became the strategic military key to the kingdom during the 13th and 14th century and was the favorite royal residence of many of the Stuart Monarchs.
The first fortification on the site dates to the 11th century. Much of the castle which exists today, including the Palace and Chapel Royal is magnificent Renaissance architecture with a strong French influence. The Chapel Royal, built by James VI for the baptism of Prince Henry in 1594, has been refurbished and features a seventeenth century fresco of elaborate scrolls and patterns. The vast Great Hall, which dates from the end of the Middle Ages, has been restored to its medieval glory.
Medieval (c. 300 CE - 1399 CE) 15th Century (1400 - 1499 CE) 16th Century (1500 - 1599 CE) 17th Century (1600 - 1699 CE) 18th Century (1700 - 1799 CE)