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Temple of Hera, Sanctuary of Zeus (The Altis), Olympia, Greece
Early 6th Century BCE
In the sacred Altis of Olympia, the first monumental temple of the Doric order in Greece was constructed in the early sixth century. The temple was dedicated to Hera, the wife of Zeus and faced east. The foundation and lower parts of the walls were made of limestone. Mud brick was used for the upper parts of the walls and the facades and roof were made of wood. Terra-cotta tiles protected the roof; at the peak of each gable was a large round terra-cotta finial or akroterion. The surrounding columns were made of wood and were approximately 17 ft tall. There were six on the front and back and sixteen flanking each side.
"The temple was divided into three chambers: pronaos, cella and opisthodomos. Both the pronaos and opisthodomos were distyle in antis. The cella, which is entered through the pronaos by a double door 2.90 metres wide, was divided longitudinally by two rows of Doric columns. Every second column was engaged in an internal cross-wall, the four cross-walls defining five niches. On a pedestal at the far end of the cella stood the cult statues of Zeus and Hera."
The Archivision Collection of Ancient Sites was funded by the Jack Martin Balcer Library Endowment.
Keywords: Greece, Peloponnese, Ilias, Nomos Olympia, Ancient Greek, Hellenistic, Mediterranean, temenos, sanctuary, ceremonial and/or religious structures. Photographed by Scott Gilchrist, Archivision.